aadi thengai paal, aadi festival

Aadi Thengai paal


In South India ,  the Tamil month of Aadi is considered to be highly auspicious and significant for worshiping Devi/ Shakti/ Amman/ Ambal , Godesses referred to as such , but  No new endeavors are initiated during this time period, special pujas and rituals are conducted by several devotees to get their wishes and desires fulfilled. No important functions will be held, the entire month is spent in worshiping the Ambal or goddess Shakti whose power is doubled during this time .It is considered inauspicious for people to conduct important functions, Aadi as inauspicious and people avoid major celebrations like marriages in this month. This is mainly because this month marks the commencement of dawn or night time for the devas, the demigods (‘dakshinaayana punyakalam’)

During the Tamil month of Aadi, every Friday (Velli Kizahamai) is considered to be auspicious and ideal for worshiping Hindu Goddesses, especially the various incarnations of Shakti. In this significant day, majority of the Hindus follow the practice of performing pujas that are dedicated to Nagas (Snakes). 


The 5 Fridays in the Aadi month are considered very auspicious and can be used to improve one’s life. Goddess Shakti is said to be very powerful on this particular day, thus it is the most ideal day to offer prayers to the Goddess for career upliftment, good relationship with boss , better health and well being.


According to vedic traditions, dakshinayana punyakalam, the night of the Devas, begins on the first day of the month Aadi. . The sun changes its direction during this period and next six months is the night time of the gods. Due to this reason, no auspicious events are held in the month. However this month is special in the Amman temples for many Abhishegams and Pujas to gain the Mercy of Goddess Aadhi Parashakti.

The beginning of the Tamil month of Aadi known as Aadi
Pandigai is on July 1 6th 2020.  Dakshinayana punyakalam the southward journey begins .
The Aadi festival, which falls in the month of July, is the
beginning of the numerous festivals that are to follow suit .The word Aadi is
derived from the Sanskrit word aash-adi. The months for the Indian Calendar are
named after the 27 stars in the Zodiac system. In each month there are two or three stars.
Similarly the other months like Chitrai, Panguni, Vaikasi,
Karthikai etc. are named after the stars. Aadi falls during the second half of
the year known as Dakshinayanam when the Sun transits from the northern hemisphere to the Southern during July.The transition from the Southern to the Northern hemisphere in the month of January is known as Uthirayanam. “Both the periods are auspicious for the worship of the Gods and Goddesses”.
As the transit of stars takes place during the day Uthirayana, all auspicious functions including marriages are conducted at that period, while during the month of Aadi the transition take place during the night. During the Aadi month, the sun begins its journey southward from North and is called Dakshinayana Punya Kala.
For devas, its night time or twilight zone and they are engaged in worshipping the Maha Shakthi to remove darkness from their lives. Lord Shiva is with his consort and therefore her powers are doubled during this month.
The mother protects her devotees from all negative forces and therefore regarded as the most auspicious month of the year for Devi worship. The sun steers its way to enter the Kataka rasi (Cancer sign that is ruled by the Moon) and hence this month is also called Karkataka.
A lot of festivals are celebrated in the month of Aadi. This
is the beginning of all the festivals during the festival season. Aadi heralds the beginning of all major festivals one by one.
Aadi festival is special for various Godesses . 
It is celebrated in a special way in temples like Maangadu, Kamakshi Amman temple.
All  Tuesdays and Fridays of this month are auspicious.
Every Friday is celebrated as “Aadi Velli”. On the first
Friday we make kozhukkattai for Lord Ganesha.The new moon day of this month is
celebrated as “Aadi Amavasai” which is to remember our ancestors who have
reached God. That day donations will be made.
Important dates 
16 July 2020 Aadi Pirappu first day of Adi masam
17 July 2020( Aadi velli ( Friday , first friday of Adi month )
20 July 2020 Aadi Ammavasai
21 July 2020 Adi Chevvai first Tuesday of Aadi month
24 July 2020 Aadi pooram
25 July 2020 Garuda panchami / Naga panchami
31 July 2020 Varalakshmi vratham
2 August 2020 Aadi Perukku ( Aadi 18 )
3 August 2020 Aavani avittam ( Yajur upakarma , 4 th August for Rig veda
11 August 2020 Gokulasthami
14 August Last Friday of Aadi month

Rituals of Aadi Velli

  • 1st Aadi Friday is dedicated to the Goddess of wealth – Swarnambika .This is dedicated to Goddess Swarnambika. This Goddess is a form of Goddess Parvati. One who worships will be blessed with wealth and all the properties. One should perform prayers to the goddess to get wealth and material gains.
  • 2nd Aadi Friday is dedicated to the Goddess of intelligence – Angala Amman,  dedicated to AngalaAmman. Offer prayers to the Goddess who is a form of Kali to get Extraordinary Intelligence.
  • 3rd Aadi Friday is dedicated to the Goddess of courage and health – Annai Kalikambal, dedicated to Annai Kalikambal. She is a powerful Goddess another form of Goddess Parvati. Praying this Goddess will help one to achieve courage and health.
  • 4th Aadi Friday is dedicated to the Goddess of relationship – Kamakshi Amman, a form of Goddess Shakti. One who offers prayers on this Friday will get her blessings and the Goddess will remove all the obstacles faced by the individual in marriage, childbirth, relationships, etc..
  • 5th Aadi Friday is dedicated to the Goddess of overall prosperity – Lakshmi, last Aadi Friday which is dedicated to Lakshmi, wife of Lord Vishnu. Varalakshmi Pooja falls on this day and this pooja is a very special one for all women. The Goddess will bless the women and hears all the desires of them and fulfills the wishes. Women will pray for the good health of their husbands. This pooja is performed with a Kalasam closed with coconut.

All the Fridays of Aadi month are considered very auspicious to propitiate the divine mother when people perform special Poojas at Goddess temples and homes. Offering your sincere prayers to Shakti on Aadi Fridays can promote positivity and overall success in life.

Aadi Pooram : 
The pooram star of this month is celebrated as “aadi pooram”
as the birthday of Aandal. It is celebrated in all temples in a grand manner.
The 18th day of this month is celebrated as “Aadi perukku”
or “Pathinettam perukku”. Since rain flows in this month, the rivers are filled
with water. Water is also given from dams to agriculturists.On this day, we
prepare all varieties of rice and vadams etc. taking all to nearby river or
beach with friends and give them manjal kunkum, vetrilai pakku, clothes etc
This done to praise Goddeess Cauveri (Cauvery river). It is to thank all the
rivers because they provide water.
Source…The Hindu
Aadi Pirappu – Aadi Pandigai – The first day of Aadi is
observed as Aadi Pirappu. It means beginning of the month. The day begins with
the making of huge kolams (Rangoli designs) .
This first day of the Adi month is particularly special for newly married couples as they are pampered with new clothes sweets and a grand festival lunch. The highlight of the festival is the preparation of Thengai Paal which is thick coconut milk extracted from coconuts after grinding for three times and three types of milk extracted to prepare the sweet Payasam or kheer.
Aadi Thengai paal

Aadi festival, Aadi pandigai


Ingredients :

  • 1-2 cups freshly grated coconut , only the white parts to be scraped.
  • 1 or 3/4  cup of crumbled jaggery
  • toasted cashew nuts and raisins to garnish.
  • pinch of edible camphor. ( optional )
  • 1/4 tsp cardamom powder
  • 1 cup thick boiled cooled milk. ( optional )
  •  2 tsp rice flour
Take 2  heaped cups of freshly grated coconut and soak in little warm water for few minutes. Then grind in the mix to obtain thick coconut milk.
Strain the thick white milk through a muslin cloth or a fine sieve and then again grind  squeezed out Coconut gratings with little more hot water in the mixie.
Once again you will get a slightly thinner milk. Strain or sieve and add to the first milk.
Repeat the grinding once again to obtain a very thin coconut milk and add this to the previously obtained milk. In all you will be able to get good coconut milk by grinding three times.
Discard the coconut waste gratings.
 prepare the jaggery syrup by dissolving the jaggery with little water and straining the liquid of impurities and add this syrup to the coconut milk. Add the thick cold milk also to give a more richer flavour to the sweetened milk. This is optional
Add the cardamom powder, edible camphor, toasted nuts and raisins and the rice flour which will thicken the milk. ( adding rice flour will give a creamy thicker consistency )
When the sweetened coconut milk comes to a  gentle boil remove from gas . At no point should this boil over as it will split the milk.
Check the YouTube video  from my channel of the same .

Aadi Perukku

This festival is dedicated to river Cauvery  and falls on the 18 th day hence called Padinettam perruku in Tamil.
The 18th day of this month is celebrated as “Aadi perukku” or “Pathinettam perukku”. Since rain flows in this month, the rivers are filled with water. Water is also given from dams to agriculturists.On this day, we prepare all varieties of rice and vadams etc. taking all to nearby river or beach with friends and give them manjal kunkum, vetrilai pakku, clothes etc This done to praise Goddeess Cauveri (Cauvery river). It is to thank all the rivers because they provide water.

In India the rivers Ganges and Yamuna, Cauvery and Godavari are considered sacred. Just like the earth gives us food, water is considered as a sacred necessity to meet the needs of individuals. People began to worship water in the form of wells, tanks and rivers. It is common among people to throw fruits, saffron cloths, etc., when the rivers and lakes are in spate purely based on the belief that these rivers are the species of female deities. Similarly every temple has sacred wells and tanks, and water in these resources are considered pure. 

Aadi Perukku, otherwise called Padinettam Perukku is a unique occasion dedicated to the all the perennial river basins of Tamil Nadu and major lakes water source areas and is intended to celebrate the water rising levels due to the onset of monsoon, which is expected to occur invariably on the 18th day of the solar month, Aadi corresponding to 2 or 3 August every year. Hence “Padinettam perukku” – Padinettu signifies eighteen, and Perukku denotes rising. This festival is observed predominately by women in Tamil Nadu. The Adiperukku, as a water-ritual, celebrated by women is to honour nature.

The association of this ritual with fertility, sex and reproduction is both natural and human. This water ritual practice is performed on the banks of Rivers, which is described as a rice-cultivation tract. The history of this ritual practice dates back to the ancient period and was patronised by the Kings and royal households. This ritual practice existed in various historical periods. Aadi is the month for sowing, rooting, planting of seeds and vegetation since it is peak monsoon time when rain is showered in abundance.

Mulaipari (Sprouting or Germination of Nine Grains or Navadhanyam in a basket or clay mud pots) is a very important ritual which takes place at almost every village Goddess celebration. In its most original form, it is an exclusively women’s ritual and is of great importance for the whole village. The participants of the processions carry earthen pots with grown grains (nine different types of grains) inside on their heads and walk towards a river where the content is dissolved. The procession is accompanied by Amman. The ritual is very elaborate.

Mulaipari Aadi perukku

Some of the popular foods prepared on this day to take to the river bank and have it with family and friends are Lemon rice, Coconut rice, Tamrind rice, Curd rice and usually papads and some varieties of wafers are fried and eaten along with these rice varieties.

Those of us in the big cities also celebrate this way at home by preparing the rice varieties and having them after a pooja to the Gods thanking and praying for a peaceful prosperous year ahead after the welcoming rains .

sakkarai pongal

Sakkarai pongal

check out the youtube channel for sakkarai pongal

paal boli

Paal Boli


parup vadai
parup vadai

Parup Vadai



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