During the Tamil month of Aadi, just as every Friday (Velli Kizahamai) is considered to be auspicious and ideal for worshiping Hindu Goddesses, especially the various incarnations of Shakti, . Similarly Aadi Ammavasai is equally important to perform oblations to our forefathers by the male successors .
Aadi Amavasya is the new Moon Day that falls in the Tamil month of Aadi (July – August).
Aadi Amavasai is one of the three most powerful days to offer the
Tarpanam to honor ones ancestors and receive their blessings.
It is believed that in Aadi Amavasai, spirits are eager and more than willing to accept our offerings to them and the souls are satisfied are when their successors perform tarpanam rituals for them.
Also every year in the month of Aadi, the sun moves to the south,
which is called ‘Dakshinayanam’.
Since this is the first day of the New Moon of the period, it is considered the most powerful day to perform tarpanam rituals to
image source. medium.com
Our Epics Mahabharata says that every human soul owes the Trinity Lords – Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva – three major debts. One of them is ‘Pitru Rin’ (the debt to ancestors). This is owed to Lord Brahma and it is cleared by performing Tarpanam rituals for ancestors.
Amavasai day is considered an auspicious for the worship of forefathers and made pujas for them.
On Amavasyas, Shraadh Puja is done to forefathers by sons.
Rituals on Aadi Amavasai:
Usually the shradh rituals are performed near river banks or pond , sea , near water sources if possible to obtain the blessings of their ancestors. It is considered auspicious and mandatory to take a dip in the waters in natural sources before the commencement of the shradh rituals .
Agni Theertham in Rameshwaram, South India, is considered very important for the purpose of performing rituals to forefathers . similarly sacred places like Thriveni Sangamam at Kanyakumari and the ghats at varanasi are considered holy for performing such rituals .
Usually on the shradh day rituals are performed with a single meal and fast for the remaining day, some choose to fast whole day .
According to Garuda Purana, offering your ancestors (sesame seeds)
and water in this day pleases them and ensures longevity, success, debt relief, destruction of enemies and offspring.
The deities for pitrusare Vasu, Rudra and Aditya and invoking them by chanting mantras so that food reaches the ancestors. The deities transport the food called ‘swadha’ to pitrus which is accepted with great satisfaction .
Foods cooked for Aadi Ammavasai
All foods to be cooked with no onion and garlic using only country vegetables . examples
aadi amavasai menu
vazhakkai kari /poduthuval
podalangai poricha kozhambu ( snakegourds with moong dal and spices )
pavakkai plus moong dal or Pavakkai pitla ( either kootu or kari with bittergourds )
poricha kozhambu with avarakkai ( flat beans )or pumpkins
moong dal payasam with coconut, jaggery
podalangai thayir pachadi, ( curd raita with snakegourds or pumpkins )
appalam ( fried papads )